A biography and the contributions of evangelista torricelli an italian mathematician and physicist

The firstborn child of Gaspare Torricelli and Caterina Angetti.

A biography and the contributions of evangelista torricelli an italian mathematician and physicist

Evangelista Torricelli thought that mathematics was the language that allowed humans to understand nature. Torricelli was the first man to recognize that air has weight and that atmospheric pressure is variable. Evangelista Torricelli was born on October 15,in Faenza, province of Ravenna, Italy, and grew up in a humble family.

His parents were Gaspare Torricelli, a textile worker, and Caterina Angetti. Inhe entered a Jesuit college where he was taught in mathematics and philosophy for two years. After his father died, between and he traveled to Rome with his whole family his mother and two brothers to study with the Benedictine friar, Benedetto Castelli.

Torricelli would be assigned the position of private secretary of Castelli. He used the money obtained with work to pay for his studies so he could stay in the position and studying at the University College of Sapienza until Later, Castelli appointed Torricelli to replace him as the teacher in mathematics, mechanics, hydraulics, and astronomy in the University College of Sapienza.

A biography and the contributions of evangelista torricelli an italian mathematician and physicist

On September 11,Torricelli received a letter from Galileo addressed to Castelli. In his response, Torricelli besides explaining the reason for the absence of his teacher, he took the opportunity to express his admiration for the text Dialogue Concerning the Two Chief World Systems, Ptolemaic and Copernican that was written by Galileo six months earlier, and presented his support for the Copernicus theory that the earth revolves around the sun.

Physics experiments

After Galileo was ordered to appear in Rome for his astronomy approaches, Torricelli decided to move his attention to less dangerous terrain, so he concentrated on mathematics. Shortly afterward, on April 10th,Castelli handed Galileo a copy of this work, and later, Torricelli became Secretary of Galileo.

Unfortunately, after three months of coexistence with Galileo in Florence, Galileo passed away. In spite of the death of Galileohe remained in Florence as a philosopher and mathematician of the Grand Duke Ferdinand II and professor of mathematics at the Academy.

A biography and the contributions of evangelista torricelli an italian mathematician and physicist

Shortly after, he managed to answer the question that had haunted Galileo: Torricelli achieved the answer by means of an experiment that consisted of filling a tube with mercury liquid that is In this way, it was observed that a part of the mercury that filled the tube is transferred to the second container creating a space for the vacuum.

In addition, his demonstration of the existence of emptiness included the clarity that it is not possible to find it in nature but it is necessary to generate it artificially.

Inhe demonstrated the existence of atmospheric pressure and developed the basis for the barometer.

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For example, thanks to him we know that geometric curves are not limited to their theoretical form but are representations of real physical movements.

From this idea, it was proposed to study the parabolic trajectories followed by the projectiles when being fired and reached two conclusions: Undoubtedly Torricelli was one of the most productive and promising mathematicians of the seventeenth century.

It is believed that if he had not died so young he was only 39 years old at the time of his death he would have formulated his methods mathematically and would have approached the concept of the limit.Evangelista Torricelli was a famous Italian mathematician and physicist who invented the barometer and laid the foundation of integral calculus.

Born to parents of moderate means, Evangelista was sent to his uncle, a Camaldolese benjaminpohle.com Of Birth: Faenza. Evangelista Torricelli (October 15, October 25, ) was an Italian physicist and mathematician, best known for his invention of the barometer Biography Torricelli was born in Faenza, then part of the Papal States.

Evangelista Torricelli is credited as physicist and mathematician, inventor of the barometer, Torricelli's Law. Evangelista Torricelli (October 15, – October 25, ) was an Italian physicist and mathematician, best known for his invention of the barometer.

The Italian mathematician and physicist Evangelista Torricelli () invented the mercury barometer and made important contributions to calculus and the theories of hydraulics and dynamics. Evangelista Torricelli was born in Faenza on Oct.

15, Evangelista Torricelli, (born Oct. 15, , Faenza, Romagna—died Oct. 25, , Florence), Italian physicist and mathematician who invented the barometer and whose work in geometry aided in the eventual development of integral calculus.

Evangelista Torricelli's parents were Gaspare Torricelli and Caterina benjaminpohle.com was a fairly poor family with Gaspare being a textile worker. Evangelista was the eldest of his parents three children, having two younger brothers at least one .

Torricelli's law of efflux () Physics