The election of was the first genuinely partisan political contest in American history and generated a lot of bitterness and ill-feeling on both sides. That being the case, it would've been very hard to convince my good Federalist friend to switch sides, but I'd give it my best shot, anyhow.
See Article History Alternative Title: Organized in as the Republican Partyits members held power nationally between and It was the direct antecedent of the present Democratic Party. During the two administrations of President George Washington —97many former Anti-Federalists —who had resisted adoption of the new federal Constitution —began to unite in opposition to the fiscal program of Alexander Hamiltonsecretary of the treasury.
The Republicans contended that the Federalists harboured aristocratic attitudes and that their policies placed too much power in the central government and tended to benefit the affluent at the expense of the common man.
The Republican coalition supported France in the European war that broke out inwhile the Federalists supported Britain see French revolutionary and Napoleonic wars. Jefferson narrowly defeated the Federalist John Adams in the election of ; his victory demonstrated that power could be transferred peacefully between parties under the Constitution.
Once in office, the Democratic-Republicans attempted to scale back Federalist programs but actually overturned few of the institutions they had criticized e. Nevertheless, Jefferson made a genuine effort to make his administration appear more democratic and egalitarian: Federal excises were repealed, the national debt was retired, and the size of the armed forces was greatly reduced.
However, the demands of foreign relations such as the Louisiana Purchase in often forced Jefferson and his successors into a nationalistic stance reminiscent of the Federalists.
James Madison, detail of an oil painting by Asher B. Courtesy of the Independence National Historical Park Collection, Philadelphia In the 20 years after the party existed less as a united political group than as a loose coalition of personal and sectional factions.
The fissures in the party were fully exposed by the election ofwhen the leaders of the two major factions, Andrew Jackson and John Quincy Adamswere both nominated for president. Jackson carried the popular vote and a plurality in the electoral collegebut because no candidate received a majority of the electoral vote, the presidency was decided by the House of Representatives.
Clay, the speaker of the House of Representatives, finished fourth and was thus ineligible for consideration; he subsequently threw his support to Adams, who was elected president and promptly appointed Clay secretary of state. Following the election, the Democratic-Republicans split into two groups: The name Democratic Party was formally adopted in Learn More in these related Britannica articles:The Federalist Party, referred to as the Pro-Administration party until the 3rd United States Congress as opposed to their opponents in the Anti-Administration party, was the first American political party.
It existed from the early s to It federalist party Â· federalist Â· american commerce Federalist Party The Federalist Party, along with the Democratic-Republican Party, was one of the first two political parties in the United States, and hence in the world.
Start studying American History Federalists and Democratic Republicans. Learn vocabulary, terms, and more with flashcards, games, and other study tools.
Democratic-Republicans: The first political party in the United States, the Democratic-Republican party was created by Thomas Jefferson and James Madison in opposition to the views of Alexander Hamilton. It arose to power in the s and opposed the Federalist party, while advocating states rights and an agricultural society.
The role of Democratic Party in the history of the United States of America.
Skip to Navigation; Skip to Content they were a natural fit with the largely rural citizens of the newly admitted states. The Federalists, their original Republicans successfully painted him as a radical with no regard for property rights and the pro-business.
Nov 09, · Watch video · The Federalist party was one of the first two political parties in the United States, and thus in the world.