Select network The Holocaust brings up the terrible memory of the deliberate murder of over six million Jews alone, not to mention countless millions of other hated minority groups throughout Nazi-occupied Europe. The events of the Holocaust itself took place during the Second World War. World War II tends to be a popular topic for college-level assignments and papers.
The Holocaust also called Ha-Shoah in Hebrew refers to the period from January 30, - when Adolf Hitler became chancellor of Germany - to May 8,when the war in Europe officially ended.
During this time, Jews in Europe were subjected to progressively harsher persecution that ultimately led to the murder of 6, Jews 1. These deaths represented two-thirds of European Jewry and one-third of all world Jewry.
Background After its defeat in World War I, Germany was humiliated by the Versailles Treaty, which reduced its prewar territory, drastically reduced its armed forces, demanded the recognition of its guilt for the war, and stipulated it pay reparations to the allied powers.
With the German Empire destroyed, a new parliamentary government called the Weimar Republic was formed. The republic suffered from economic instability, which grew worse during the worldwide depression after the New York stock market crash in Massive inflation followed by very high unemployment heightened existing class and political differences and began to undermine the government.
The Nazi Party had taken advantage of the political unrest in Germany to gain an electoral foothold. The Nazis incited clashes with the communists and conducted a vicious propaganda campaign against its political opponents - the weak Weimar government and the Jews whom the Nazis blamed for Germany's ills.
At the bottom of the front page of each issue, in bold letters, the paper proclaimed, "The Jews are our misfortune! The influence of the newspaper was far-reaching: Soon after he became chancellor, Hitler called for new elections in an effort to get full control of the Reichstag, the German parliament, for the Nazis.
The Nazis used the government apparatus to terrorize the other parties. They arrested their leaders and banned their political meetings. Then, in the midst of the election campaign, on February 27,the Reichstag building burned.
A Dutchman named Marinus van der Lubbe was arrested for the crime, and he swore he had acted alone. Although many suspected the Nazis were ultimately responsible for the act, the Nazis managed to blame the Communists, thus turning more votes their way.
The fire signaled the demise of German democracy.
On the next day, the government, under the pretense of controlling the Communists, abolished individual rights and protections: When the elections were held on March 5, the Nazis received nearly 44 percent of the vote, and with 8 percent offered by the Conservatives, won a majority in the government.
The Nazis moved swiftly to consolidate their power into a dictatorship. On March 23, the Enabling Act was passed. The Nazis marshaled their formidable propaganda machine to silence their critics. They also developed a sophisticated police and military force. The Gestapo Geheime Staatspolizei, Secret State Policea force recruited from professional police officers, was given complete freedom to arrest anyone after February With this police infrastructure in place, opponents of the Nazis were terrorized, beaten, or sent to one of the concentration camps the Germans built to incarcerate them.
Dachaujust outside of Munich, was the first such camp built for political prisoners. Dachau's purpose changed over time and eventually became another brutal concentration camp for Jews.
By the end of Hitler was in absolute control of Germany, and his campaign against the Jews in full swing. The Nazis claimed the Jews corrupted pure German culture with their "foreign" and "mongrel" influence.
They portrayed the Jews as evil and cowardly, and Germans as hardworking, courageous, and honest. The Jewsthe Nazis claimed, who were heavily represented in finance, commerce, the press, literature, theater, and the arts, had weakened Germany's economy and culture.
The superior race was the "Aryans," the Germans. The word Aryan, "derived from the study of linguistics, which started in the eighteenth century and at some point determined that the Indo-Germanic also known as Aryan languages were superior in their structures, variety, and vocabulary to the Semitic languages that had evolved in the Near East.
This judgment led to a certain conjecture about the character of the peoples who spoke these languages; the conclusion was that the 'Aryan' peoples were likewise superior to the 'Semitic' ones" Leni Yahil, The Holocaust: Oxford University Press,p.
The Jews Are Isolated from Society The Nazis then combined their racial theories with the evolutionary theories of Charles Darwin to justify their treatment of the Jews. The Germans, as the strongest and fittest, were destined to rule, while the weak and racially adulterated Jews were doomed to extinction.
Hitler began to restrict the Jews with legislation and terror, which entailed burning books written by Jewsremoving Jews from their professions and public schools, confiscating their businesses and property and excluding them from public events.
The most infamous of the anti-Jewish legislation were the Nuremberg Lawsenacted on September 15, They formed the legal basis for the Jews' exclusion from German society and the progressively restrictive Jewish policies of the Germans.
Many Jews attempted to flee Germany, and thousands succeeded by immigrating to such countries as BelgiumCzechoslovakia, EnglandFrance and Holland.
It was much more difficult to get out of Europe.Oct 11, · We've all learned the facts about World War II many times over, thanks to repeated classroom coverage, the History channel, and your grandfather .
The Holocaust (also called Ha-Shoah in Hebrew) refers to the period from January 30, - when Adolf Hitler became chancellor of Germany - to May 8, , when the war in Europe officially ended. During this time, Jews in Europe were subjected to progressively harsher persecution that ultimately led to the murder of 6,, Jews ( million of these being children) and the destruction of 5, Jewish .
In , approximately nine million Jews lived in the 21 countries of Europe that would be occupied by Nazi Germany during the Second World War. By two out of every three European Jews had been killed.
Although European Jews were the primary victims of the Holocaust. Other 'undesirables' were also killed or used for medical experiments. During World War II Dmitry was imprisoned in Dachau for 22 months. The reason for his imprisonment is not known. Photo released by the U.S.
Holocaust Memorial Museum. Start studying World History: World War II and The Holocaust. Learn vocabulary, terms, and more with flashcards, games, and other study tools. Kazakh genocide during the Soviet famine of – Kazakh Soviet Socialist Republic, Soviet Union 1,, 1,, Some historians assume that 42% of .