The defendant is innocent until proven guilty, and God is imaginary until proven real. I will cover more of what I mean in Point 4. Christian Beliefs Contradict Themselves 1A:
However, because of the unwieldy complexity of the legal disputations recorded in the Talmud, more manageable codifications of talmudic laws became necessary and were indeed compiled by successive generations of rabbinical scholars.
Some of these have acquired great authority and are in general use. For this reasons we shall refer for the most part to such compilations and their most reputable commentaries rather than directly to the Talmud.
It is however correct to assume that the compilation referred to reproduces faithfully the meaning of the talmudic text and the additions made by later scholars on the basis of that meaning.
The earliest code of talmudic law which is still of major importance is the Misbneh Tarab written by Moses Maimonides in the late 12th century. The most authoritative code, widely used to date as a handbook, is the Shulhan 'Arukh composed by R.
Yosef Karo in the late 16th century as a popular condensation of his own much more voluminous Beys Yosef which was intended for the advanced scholar. The Shulhan 'Arukh is much commented upon; in addition to A look at different cases against christianity commentaries dating from the 17th century, there is an important 20th century one, Mishnab Berurab.
Finally, the Talmudic Encyclopedia - a modern compilation published in Israel from the s and edited by the country's greatest Orthodox rabbinical scholars - is a good compendium of the whole talmudic literature. Jewish religious courts and secular authorities are commanded to punish, even beyond the limits of the ordinary administration of justice, anyone guilty of murdering a Jew.
A Jew who indirectly causes the death of another Jew is, however, only guilty of what talmudic law calls a sin against the 'laws of Heaven', to be punished by God rather than by man. When the victim is a Gentile, the position is quite different.
A Jew who murders a Gentile is guilty only of a sin against the laws of Heaven, not punishable by a court. However, if the victim was Gentile and the murderer converts to Judaism, he is not punished.
Although the state's criminal laws make no distinction between Jew and Gentile, such distinction is certainly made by Orthodox rabbis, who in guiding their flock follow the Halakhah.
Of special importance is the advice they give to religious soldiers. Since even the minimal interdiction against murdering a Gentile outright applies only to 'Gentiles with whom we [the Jews] are not at war', various rabbinical commentators in the past drew the logical conclusion that in wartime all Gentiles belonging to a hostile population may, or even should be killed.
The first such official exhortation was included in a booklet published by the Central Region Command of the Israeli Army, whose area includes the West Bank.
In this booklet the Command's Chief Chaplain writes: When our forces come across civilians during a war or in hot pursuit or in a raid, so long as there is no certainty that those civilians are incapable of harming our forces, then according to the Halakhah they may and even should be killed Under no circumstances should an Arab be trusted, even if he makes an impression of being civilized In war, when our forces storm the enemy, they are allowed and even enjoined by the Halakhah to kill even good civilians, that is, civilians who are ostensibly good.
I hope all is well. I am, thank God, feeling well. A long time I have not written. Sometimes I recall the verse "when shall I come and appear before God? I must do so.
Or perhaps we should take revenge on the Arabs? And then everyone answered according to his own understanding. I could not arrive at a clear decision, whether Arabs should be treated like the Amalekites, meaning that one is permitted to murder [sic ] them until their remembrance is blotted out from under heaven, 10 or perhaps one should do as in a just war, in which one kills only the soldiers?
For there have been cases when women threw hand grenades. Or am I permitted to give water to an Arab who put his hand up? For there may be reason to fear that he only means to deceive me and will kill me, and such things have happened. But according to the sayings of our sages, of blessed memory, [ On the one hand But we find in the very same authorities in another place [ Shim'on is only figurative and should not be taken literally but as meaning "oppress" or some similar attitude, and in this way we also avoid a contradiction with the authorities quoted earlier.
Or one might argue that this saying, though meant literally, is [merely] his own personal opinion, disputed by other sages [quoted earlier].
But we find the true explanation in the Tosalot. And the Tosafot write as follows:A Summary of My Case Against Christianity.
The Outsider Test is no different than the prince in the Cinderella story who must question 45, people to see which girl lost the glass slipper at the ball last night. when we look at the billions of people who have never been given a chance to be “saved” because of “when and where.
1. Christianity is based on fear. While today there are liberal clergy who preach a gospel of love, they ignore the bulk of Christian teachings, not to mention the bulk of Christian history. Christianity and the Birth of Science by Michael Bumbulis, Ph.D The author holds an M.S.
degree in Zoology from Ohio State University and a Ph.D in Genetics from Case Western Reserve University. Christianity Questions including "Why isn't the Christianity category subdivided an overview of the golden age of islam in history by a response to the novel lord of the flies by william golding books of the Bible" and "Why do most Christians dismiss Paganism without learning a look at different cases against christianity Redated from Feb the greek word aiÓn -- aiÓnios, translated everlasting -- eternal in the holy bible, shown to denote limited duration.
rev. john wesley hanson, a.m. Dear friends, Today I am posting the full translation of an amazingly interesting text – Christianity and Judaism – on the issue of the historical role of the Jewish people written by a, now reposed, Archbishop of the Russian Orthodox Church Abroad, Archbishop Nathanel (Lvov) [“Lvov” is his last name, no reference to the city in the Ukraine].