The abolitionist movement refers to a period where many organized efforts worked to achieve this goal. Although the movement is commonly attributed to the Northern states of the United States, it is important to note that there were abolitionists and abolition activities in the South as well.
Abolitionist Movement, reform movement during the 18th and 19th centuries. Often called the antislavery movement, it sought to end the enslavement of Africans and people of African descent in Europe, the Americas, and Africa itself see Slavery in Africa. It also aimed to end the Atlantic slave trade carried out in the Atlantic Ocean between Africa, Europe, and the Americas.
The historical roots of abolitionism lay in black resistance to slavery. Such resistance began during the 15th century as Africans enslaved by Europeans often sought to kill their captors or themselves.
By the late s Christian morality, Abolition movement ideas Abolition movement liberty and human rights that came about as a result of the American and French revolutions, and economic changes led to an effort among blacks and whites to end human bondage.
Those who employed slave labor in the Americas resisted abolitionist efforts.
First, slaveholders believed that their economic prosperity demanded the continuation of slavery. In order to work the large plantations in the Americas, huge amounts of labor were required. African slaves were cheaper and more readily available than white indentured laborers from Europe, and because they already had some immunity to European diseases, Africans were less likely to die from those diseases than were Native Americans.
Second, employers of slave labor feared for their own safety if the slaves were freed. Due to the large number of slaves brought to the Americas, several regions had slave majorities.
Slave owners worried that if slaves were suddenly freed, they might take over or exact revenge on their former masters.
Although abolitionism existed in Europe and in the American colonies of several European nations, the struggle between antislavery and proslavery forces was most protracted, bitter, and bloody in the United States.
As a result of the abolitionist movement, the institution of slavery ceased to exist in Europe and the Americas byalthough it was not completely legally abolished in Africa until the first quarter of the 20th century.
The Atlantic slave trade began in Africa in the mids and lasted into the 19th century. Initially, Portuguese traders purchased small numbers of slaves from kingdoms on the western coast of Africa and transported them for sale in Portugal and Spain. The Atlantic slave trade did not become a huge enterprise until after European nations began colonizing the Americas during the s.
During the s the Dutch pushed the Portuguese out of the trade and then contested the British and French for control of it. By Britain had emerged as the dominant slave-trading nation. In all, the trade brought more than 10 million Africans to America, and at least another 1 million Africans died in passage.
The brutality of the Atlantic slave trade and of slavery itself played an important role in the origins of the abolitionist movement. Those subjected to the trade suffered horribly: Many Africans died on the ships well before they arrived in the Americas.
Once in the colonies, slaves were deprived of their human rights, made to endure dreadful conditions, and forced to perform backbreaking labor. Despite the horrors of the slave trade and slavery, white opposition to the institution developed slowly.
The economies of many of the colonies were based on huge plantations that required large labor forces in order to be profitable.The African American Odyssey: A Quest for Full Citizenship Abolition, Anti-Slavery Movements, and the Rise of the Sectional Controversy. American Abolitionist Movement.
Early America | Birth of the Movement The modern American abolition movement emerged in the early s as a by-product of religious revivalism popularly known as the Second They called for an immediate abolition of slavery and for the repeal of all racial discriminatory legislation on political and.
The prison-abolition movement is a loose collection of people and groups who, in many different ways, are calling for deep, structural reforms to how we handle and even think about crime in our.
The prison-abolition movement is a loose collection of people and groups who, in many different ways, are calling for deep, structural reforms to how we handle and even think about crime in our. This Coalition serves three important and limited purposes: to foster unity and cooperation among the various abolitionist societies that are a part of the Abolish Human Abortion movement, to provide a platform for making statements and resolutions on behalf of the movement as a whole, and to define and protect the meaning of the Abolish Human Abortion symbol and the ideology it represents.
Abolition had been achieved, but the lessons learned by those in the abolition movement would be applied to other social concerns in the decades to come, .