Three individuals took part in each session of the experiment: The "experimenter", who was in charge of the session. The "teacher", a volunteer for a single session.
The authors have declared that no competing interests exist. Conceived and designed the experiments: Received Jan 2; Accepted Mar This article has been cited by other articles in PMC. A synthesis of these diverse conditions could clarify the factors that influence obedience in the Milgram paradigm.
Logistic regression analysis indicated that eight factors influenced the likelihood that teachers continued to the volt shock: Introduction The Milgram study is arguably the most iconic experiment in the history of psychology.
In the fifty years since it was conducted, debate about its implications has spread far beyond the academic literature of social psychology and into the culture at large. Scholars continue to discuss whether Milgram demonstrated the capacity for evil in everyday people, the roots of the Holocaust, or the ethical limitations of psychological research.
Attempts have been made to replicate it with mixed results  and the original data have been re-examined . Less well-known is the fact that this finding represents just one of 23 diverse experimental conditions that Milgram conducted, which varied enormously in levels of obedient responding.
Only 18 of these were reported in the monograph that reported the study . Although several conditions are familiar to many psychologists, others are obscure and rarely discussed.
For example, a survey of ten social psychology textbooks  shows that although the average text refers to 7.Surprisingly, a large percentage of the subjects would administer the highest shock when told to do so by the researcher, even hey felt strongly that to do so would not be right.
The subjects’ behavior is what Milgram was looking for in his bid to study the behavior of human obedience.
For instance, if a subject chooses to obey the experimenters’ orders and go on with administering the electric shock then he or she is being obedient but if not he or she is defying orders.
Milgram () explained the behavior of his participants by suggesting that people have two states of behavior when they are in a social situation: The autonomous state – people direct their own actions, and they take responsibility for the results of those actions. Obedience and Authority.
Obedience is compliance with commands given by an authority figure. In the s, the social psychologist Stanley Milgram did a famous research study called the obedience study.
It showed that people have a strong tendency to comply with authority figures. The psychologist Stanley Milgram created an electric ‘shock generator’ with 30 switches.
The lottery was in fact a set-up, and the real subject would always get the role of ‘the teacher’. How could that be? We now believe that it has to do with our almost innate behavior that we should do as told, especially from authority.
Dec 15, · Stanley Milgram: 'electric shock' experiments () - also showed the power of the situation in influencing behaviour.
65% of people could be easily induced into giving a stranger an electric shock of V (enough to kill someone). % of people could be influenced into giving a V shock.