Banneker himself and his earliest biographers described him as having only African ancestry. As a young teenager, he may have met and befriended Peter Heinrichs, a Quaker who established a school near the Banneker farm. He appears to have modeled his clock from a borrowed pocket watch by carving each piece to scale. However, he was unable to find a printer that was willing to publish and distribute the almanac.
Philadelphia, Pennsylvania American scholar, diplomat, author, scientist, and inventor B enjamin Franklin was a leader of America's revolutionary generation. His character and thought were shaped by his religious upbringing, the philosophy of the historical era known as the Enlightenment, and the environment of colonial America.
Youthful character Benjamin Franklin was born on January 17,in Boston, Massachusetts, into a devoted Puritan household. The Puritans were a religious group that stood against the practices of the Church of England. In his family had left England and moved to New England in search of religious freedom.
Franklin's father was a candlemaker and a mechanic, but, his son said, his "great Excellence lay in a sound Understanding, and solid Judgment. Young Franklin was not content at home.
He received little formal schooling and by age eleven went to work making candles and soap Benjamin family in america two his father's shop. However, he hated this trade—especially the smell. Franklin eventually left his father's shop and went to work for his brother James, who was the printer of a Boston newspaper.
While learning the business Franklin read every word that came into the shop and was soon writing clever pieces that criticized the Boston establishment. He loved to read and even became a vegetarian in order to save money to buy books.
When authorities imprisoned James for his own critical articles, Benjamin continued the paper himself. In at age seventeen Franklin left home and moved to Philadelphia, Pennsylvania. By this time Franklin had begun to embrace the ideas of such Enlightenment thinkers as the physicist Sir Isaac Newton — and the philosopher John Locke — The Enlightenment, which began in the sixteenth century and lasted until the late seventeenth century, was a movement that promoted the use of reason to learn truth.
During this time period, many important scientific advances and discoveries were made through the use of observation and experimentation. Civil and scientific interests In Philadelphia, Franklin began working as a printer.
In he went to England, where he quickly became a master printer and lived among the writers of London. He returned to Philadelphia and started his own press, publishing a newspaper called the Pennsylvania Gazette and a publication called Poor Richard's Almanack, which contained advice and sayings that are still popular in America today.
He then became clerk of the Pennsylvania Assembly and postmaster of Philadelphia. At the same time he operated a bookshop and developed partnerships with other printers.
Franklin also became involved in community improvement in He organized the Junto, a club of tradesmen whose activities included sponsoring a library, a fire company, a college, an insurance company, and a hospital. Next, Franklin turned to science.
Having already invented what became known as the Franklin stove a metal stove used for heating a roomhe now became fascinated with electricity.
In a famous experiment he used a kite to prove that lightning is a form of electricity. The mysterious and terrifying natural occurrence now had an explanation. Franklin's letters concerning his discoveries and theories about electricity brought him fame.
His invention of the lightning rod a metal rod that is set on top of a building to protect it from being damaged if it is struck by lightning added to his reputation. Political career Franklin's election to the Pennsylvania Assembly began his nearly forty years as a public official.
He became a leader in the long-dominant Quaker political party, which opposed the Proprietary party a political party made up of people who sought to preserve the power of the Penn family, the founding family of Pennsylvania.
In the Assembly, Franklin created lawmaking strategies and wrote powerful statements defending the right of the people's elected representatives to regulate the government of Pennsylvania.
As a representative in the Assembly, Franklin was initially loyal to the British empire. He was on the side of the empire during the French and Indian War —63; a war fought between France and Great Britain, which resulted in British control of land in North America east of the Mississippi River.
In order to defend the British empire, he persuaded the Assembly to pass Pennsylvania's first militia law, set aside budget money for defense, and appoint government representatives to carry on a full-scale war. For three decades or more Franklin had considered Britain a vital, freedom-extending country as dear and useful to its people in America as to those in England.
Nevertheless, he was occasionally alarmed by British indifference toward the desires of people living in the colonies.Benjamin Franklin () was a key founding father of the new United States. However, more than this he was a true ‘Renaissance Man’, making his presence felt in the fields of science, literature, political science, diplomacy, and more.
Note: Citations are based on reference standards. However, formatting rules can vary widely between applications and fields of interest or study.
The specific requirements or preferences of your reviewing publisher, classroom teacher, institution or organization should be applied. Benjamin Franklin FRS FRSE (January 17, [O.S.
January 6, ] – April 17, ) was an American polymath and one of the Founding Fathers of the United States. Franklin was a leading author, printer, political theorist, politician, freemason, postmaster, scientist, inventor, humorist, civic activist, statesman, and diplomat.
Early life. Benjamin Banneker was born on November 9, , in Baltimore County, Maryland to Mary Banneky, a free black, and Robert, a freed slave from Guinea. There are two conflicting accounts of Banneker's family history.
Benjamin Franklin always had a deep interest in the public welfare.
He started a subscription library in Philadelphia and established an academy, which finally grew into the University of Pennsylvania. Benjamin Franklin () was a key founding father of the new United States.
However, more than this he was a true 'Renaissance Man', making his presence felt in the fields of science, literature, political science, diplomacy, and more.