Drawing the line normal and abnormal behavior essay

Elwell Rogers State University I have often thought of Durkheim's reputation as being somewhat over inflated in sociology. I have had many arguments with colleagues on this score. They point out several contributions he has made to the field: Distinguishing and elaborating the field of sociology from the other social sciences.

Drawing the line normal and abnormal behavior essay

Friday, July 24, Searching for answers on loss of leg coordination while running: Although this, too, is an injury article, it is not like the rest. The topic of this post is a rare and frightening phenomenon that I and others have tentatively termed "loss of leg coordination while running.

Because medical and scientific literature on this problem is scant, much of what follows is based on reports from runners with loss of leg coordination and logical inferences from what's known about how the body works it is running correctly.

Because of this, you should view everything I have to say below with skepticism, especially because I'm not an unbiased writer having suffered from this problem for quite a while before recovering.

I told myself I would write this article when I was able to run 50 miles per week again with some faster running. That point came and went a long time ago—it was far easier to get distracted by my own running again, but it's long past time I write this article.

The working definition of loss of leg coordination is something that I've come up with by analyzing as many descriptions of the problem as I can find. Much, though not all, comes from posts on the LetsRun. Put in its most universal terms, "loss of leg coordination while running" is characterized by a gradually increasing sensation of tightness, weakness, and poor coordination in the muscles of one leg, but only while running—stopping to walk or stand still lessens the symptoms.

There isn't pain, per se, just tightness, vague aching, and an overwhelming sense of something being off.

And the sensation of losing coordination isn't localized to any precise area; rather, it is associated with a more general feeling of your leg not doing what you want it to do. It feels like your stride is just "off," like your leg just won't go.

Instead, it flops along uselessly. Further, these symptoms seem highly specific to running.

Drawing the line normal and abnormal behavior essay

Other activities, even cyclical and highly aerobically demanding ones like using an elliptical or riding a bike, do not reliably recreate the symptoms. The loss of coordination sensation is typically localized to the muscles which are the prime movers of the legs: Some people find that the tightness and poor coordination progress from one muscle group to another as the problem worsens, but there isn't any distinct pattern to this.

Some posters find that their problems start in their feet or ankles and progress upwards, while others have issues in the thigh and calf only. Though these muscles feel weak and uncoordinated when you run, you can head into the weight room and do just as much weight on hamstring curls, leg extensions, and single-leg squats on your "bad" leg as you can on your good one, so there is no frank loss of muscular strength.

Though this initial wave of symptoms might sound similar to a nerve problem like sciatica, there is not usually any numbness, shooting pains, or "pins and needles" feelings like you would expect with a nerve problem. Certain running conditions also exacerbate the problem.

Running faster magnifies the degree to which coordination in the leg is lost, with high speeds resulting in the leg seeming to flop around uselessly, while the opposite leg the healthy one picking up the slack. Puzzlingly, flat, even surfaces like tracks, roads, and treadmills bring on symptoms to a much greater degree than uneven terrain like trails or grassy cross country courses.

Drawing the line normal and abnormal behavior essay

Some runners describe being able to complete very long and challenging runs or workouts without any problem on rough terrain, but being completely unable to run any faster than a slow, easy pace on flat surfaces. Other runners are able to run at an easy pace, but cannot complete any workouts involving faster running.

Some experienced problems at virtually any pace, though faster running on flat surfaces certainly magnified the issue. Stopping makes the loss of coordination sensation go away almost immediately, but some lower leg muscular tightness or "off-ness" can persist for days after a particularly bad episode, even if you aren't running on the following days.

Further complicating the diagnostic puzzle is the fact that continuing to train with loss of leg coordination often causes a slew of secondary injuries because of the abrupt change in stress on the body.

Several runners reported foot, knee, and hip injuries that occurred concurrently. In my case, I suffered a sacral stress fracture. The people with this problem also have the usual smattering of Achilles, plantar fascia, knee, and shin issues that are common in regular runners.

Add on top of that all numerous health-related idiosyncrasies "I get tingling sensations in my left elbow," "If I flex my hamstring on my bad leg for a while, it cramps up," "I tore my hamstring playing hockey when I was 12 and have a lot of scar tissue"plus the rarity of the problem, and you've got an incredibly difficult to diagnose issue.

It's not even clear that all or even most of the people posting about this issue online even have the same problem. Doctors, physical therapists, chiropractors, and any number of other medical professionals seem unable to pin down the problem.

Some of the posters report seeing dozens of different doctors and spent thousands of dollars yet coming back empty-handed. MRIs, nerve conduction studies, and other diagnostic tests either come back clean or identify fairly common issues that are often asymptomatic, like a herniated lumbar spine disc.

Runners report that physical therapists and chiropractors inevitably find muscular weakness or tightness, often in the hip muscles and hamstrings, but they report that their rehab exercises have, at best, very limited and short-term success.Abnormal Psychology Essay Words | 4 Pages Abnormal Psychology Abnormal psychology in the area within psychology that is focused on maladaptive behavior-its causes, consequences, and treatment.

What Is Dysgraphia? Dysgraphia is a learning disability that affects handwriting and fine motor skills.; It interferes with spelling, word spacing, and the general ability to put thoughts on paper.

It makes the process of writing laboriously slow, with a product that is often impossible to read. Drawing the Line: Normal and Abnormal Behavior The term abnormal is defined as deviating from the norm (Spoor, ).

The definition however is problematic in that it addresses other factors. Risk is the possibility of losing something of value. Values (such as physical health, social status, emotional well-being, or financial wealth) can be gained or lost when taking risk resulting from a given action or inaction, foreseen or unforeseen (planned or not planned).Risk can also be defined as the intentional interaction with uncertainty.

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Looks like I get the first post again.

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Hope no one thinks I’m working some dark magic. Just a product of having no life I’m afraid. Having read Nathan Robinson’s article previously, I came to the conclusion that it was saying “You can’t argue against white supremacists”.

Risk - Wikipedia