Essay on hinduism buddism legalism confucianism

However, they stem from a similar goal and have similar beliefs.

Essay on hinduism buddism legalism confucianism

The Oxford English Dictionary defines: In Chinese philosophy, the feminine or negative principle characterized by dark, wetness, cold, passivity, disintegration, etc. In Chinese philosophy, the masculine or positive principle characterized by light, warmth, dryness, activity, etc.

For the earliest recorded "yin and yang" usages, the OED cites for yin and yang, [16] for yin-yang, [17] and for yang-yin. While yang and yin can occur together in context, [19] yangyin is not synonymous with yinyang. Yinyang meaning "dark and light; female and male; moon and sun", however, is an exception.

Scholars have proposed various explanations for why yinyang violates this pattern, including "linguistic convenience" it is easier to say yinyang than yangyinthe idea that "proto-Chinese society was matriarchal", or perhaps, since yinyang first became prominent during the late Warring States period, this term was "purposely directed at challenging persistent cultural assumptions".

He says that it would be proper to begin with Yin and Yang before Five Elements because the former: But it so happens that we know a good deal more about the historical origin of the Five-Element theory than about that of the Yin and the Yang, and it will therefore be more convenient to deal with it first.

Although Yin and Yang are not mentioned in any of the surviving documents of Zou Yan, his school was known as the Yin Yang Jia Yin and Yang School Needham concludes "There can be very little doubt that the philosophical use of the terms began about the beginning of the -4th century, and that the passages in older texts which mention this use are interpolations made later than that time.

The notion of yin and yang has led to the persecution and extinction of Asian sun goddess cults outside of Korea and Japan. For instance, dropping a stone in a calm pool of water will simultaneously raise waves and lower troughs between them, and this alternation of high and low points in the water will radiate outward until the movement dissipates and the pool is calm once more.

Yin and yang thus are always opposite and equal qualities. Further, whenever one quality reaches its peak, it will naturally begin to transform into the opposite quality: It is impossible to talk about yin or yang without some reference to the opposite, since yin and yang are bound together as parts of a mutual whole for example, there cannot be the bottom of the foot without the top.

A way to illustrate this idea is[ citation needed ] to postulate the notion of a race with only men or only women; this race would disappear in a single generation. Yet, men and women together create new generations that allow the race they mutually create and mutually come from to survive.

The interaction of the two gives birth to things, like manhood. Thus, a seed will sprout from the earth and grow upwards towards the sky—an intrinsically yang movement.

Then, when it reaches its full potential height, it will fall.

Essay on hinduism buddism legalism confucianism

Also, the growth of the top seeks light, while roots grow in darkness. Certain catchphrases have been used to express yin and yang complementarity: Illness is the doorway to health.

Buddhist Core Beliefs - Buddhism In Practice : Pearls Of Wisdom

Tragedy turns to comedy. Disasters turn out to be blessings. Symbolism and importance[ edit ] Yin is the black side with the white dot in it, and yang is the white side with the black dot in it.

The relationship between yin and yang is often described in terms of sunlight playing over a mountain and a valley. Yin literally the 'shady place' or 'north slope' is the dark area occluded by the mountain's bulk, while yang literally the "sunny place' or "south slope" is the brightly lit portion.

As the sun moves across the sky, yin and yang gradually trade places with each other, revealing what was obscured and obscuring what was revealed.

The Five Virtues

Yin is characterized as slow, soft, yielding, diffuse, cold, wet, and passive; and is associated with water, earth, the moon, femininityand night time. Yang, by contrast, is fast, hard, solid, focused, hot, dry, and active; and is associated with fire, sky, the sun, masculinity and daytime.

In traditional Chinese medicine good health is directly related to the balance between yin and yang qualities within oneself. These are then combined into trigramswhich are more yang e. The relative positions and numbers of yin and yang lines within the trigrams determines the meaning of a trigram, and in hexagrams the upper trigram is considered yang with respect to the lower trigram, yin, which allows for complex depictions of interrelations.5.

What are some of the core teachings of classical Confucianism? Explain the way these teachings emphasize the moral/ethical dimensions of Confucianism. 6. What are the three approaches to achieve the power (Te) in Taoism? Explain some core features each approach with examples. 7.

Similarities and differences between Buddhism, Taoism, Confu Similarities and differences between Buddhism, Taoism, Confucianism and Legalism BY: Emma Weik Buddhism is a religion and Confucianism is more of a philosophy or a way of life. This is called a . Today there are an estimated million followers of Buddhism in China, according to the Pew Research Center, and over 20, Buddhist temples. It is the largest religion in . Buddhism is a path of practice and spiritual development leading to Insight into the true nature of reality. Buddhist practices like meditation are means of changing yourself in order to develop the qualities of awareness, kindness, and wisdom.

In Confucianism, too, it is self-education, and not institutional education, that is the most important. This may seem to contradict the stereo type of the Confucian scholar who studies the classics for years, takes the exams, and works on society, and it does.

Jun 06,  · One of the questions central to the study of Confucius and Confucianism for decades of scholarship has been the nature of Confucian teachings. by Lynne Wright Historical Basis Buddhism was founded in northeastern India, in approximately BC, and was based on the teachings of an Indian Prince, Siddhartha Gautama, who became known as the Buddha, which means, "enlightened one".

Buddhism definition is - a religion of eastern and central Asia growing out of the teaching of Siddhārtha Gautama that suffering is inherent in life and that one can be liberated from it by cultivating wisdom, virtue, and concentration.

Basic Beliefs of Hinduism. If You Like This Article, Then Please Share It. Shares. As you know, Hinduism is the oldest religion on the planet.

It is very, very vast and has a large number of beliefs compared to other religions. It is very difficult to encompass all the beliefs of Hinduism in an article. So, here we will discuss only the.

Li Bai and Du Fu - Chinese Studies - Oxford Bibliographies