Misinformation Learning Objectives Describe the kinds of mistakes that eyewitnesses commonly make and some of the ways that this can impede justice. Explain some of the errors that are common in human memory.
Critical time is lost while police are distracted from the real perpetrator, focusing instead on building the case against an innocent person. Research shows that administrators often provide unintentional cues to the eyewitness about which person to pick from the lineup.
This often leads to the selection of a person despite doubts. This unintentional suggestion can lead an eyewitness to identify a particular individual in a photo array or lineup. How to Improve the Accuracy of Eyewitness Identifications The Innocence Project endorses a range of procedural reforms to improve the accuracy of eyewitness identification.
The benefits of these reforms are corroborated by over 30 years of peer-reviewed comprehensive research. The report identified a set of scientifically-supported reform procedures, which have been promoted by the Innocence Project since the inception of its work in this area of police practice.
This prevents the administrator of the lineup from providing inadvertent or intentional verbal or nonverbal cues to influence the eyewitness to pick the suspect. They also prevent the eyewitness from looking to the lineup administrator for feedback during the identification procedure.
One of the recommended instructions includes the directive that the suspect may or may not be present in the lineup. Suspect photographs should be selected that do not bring unreasonable attention to him. Note, however, that within this requirement, the suspect should not unduly stand out from among the other fillers.
More detailed recommendations can be provided upon request by the Innocence Project. Immediately following the lineup procedure, the eyewitness should provide a statement, in his own words, that articulates the level of confidence he or she has in the identification made. Ideally, the lineup procedure should be electronically recorded.
If this is impracticable, an audio or written record should be made.Nell B. Pawlenko, Ph.D., ([email protected]) is an eyewitness researcher based in Pasadena, benjaminpohle.com earned her doctorate in applied experimental psychology from Catholic University of America.
She has written multiple articles and been a guest speaker to groups of judges, attorneys, and law enforcement officers concerning what legal professionals know about eyewitness memory .
False Eyewitness “Who are you going to believe?
Me or your lying eyes?”. Eyewitness memory is a person's episodic memory for a crime or other dramatic event that he or she has witnessed.
Eyewitness testimony is often relied upon in the judicial benjaminpohle.com can also refer to an individual's memory for a face, where they are required to remember the face of their perpetrator, for example.
However, the accuracy of eyewitness . Revision materials for Loftus and Palmer's () study into eyewitness testimony, which you will need for your OCR H and H Psychology A Level exams.
May 18, · One conversation with Elizabeth Loftus may shake your confidence in the reliability of your memories. Research that specifically examines eyewitness testimony or the memory of traumatic events has shown weak 28 or even negative 6 correlations between a person's confidence in the accuracy of a memory and the actual accuracy of that memory.
One reason for these weak correlations is that confidence can be influenced independent of accuracy, for example, by post-identification feedback, which has no .