The republican machinery had broken down under the weight of imperialism, the central government had become powerless, the provinces had been transformed into independent principalities under the absolute control of their governors, and the army had replaced the constitution as the means of accomplishing political goals. With a weak central government, political corruption had spiraled out of control, and the status quo had been maintained by a corrupt aristocracy, which saw no need to change a system which had made all of its members quite rich. Between his crossing of the Rubicon River in 49 BC, and his assassination in 44 BC, Caesar established a new constitution, which was intended to accomplish three separate goals.
Senators infighting caused the breakdown of Roman order Two thousand years ago, the world was ruled by Rome, but Rome could not rule itself.
It took two men to wrestle Rome back from chaos and turn a republic into an empire. In the first century BC, Rome was a republic. Power lay in the hands of the Senate, elected by Roman citizens.
But the senators were fighting for power between themselves. Order had given way to anarchy and only might was right. Dirty politics Julius Caesar was convinced something had to change.
Rising through the political ranks, he eventually became governor of Gaul. This gave him the chance to make lots of money, while his abilities as a general brought him power and respect.
By 50 BC, Caesar had made many powerful enemies. With his life under threat, he invaded Italy. Over the next few years, he defeated his enemies and seized power for himself.
But his rule would be brief. After just two years, he was murdered by senators who were fed up with his autocratic style.
Rome was again threatened with chaos. Victorious, he divided the spoils: Augustus took Rome and Antony got Egypt. The peace did not last long. Augustus suspected that the two wanted Rome for themselves. Before they could threaten him, Augustus attacked. Run like an Egyptian The Battle of Actium was a huge victory.
Around three-quarters of the Egyptian fleet were destroyed and both Antony and Cleopatra committed suicide before they could be captured.
In Rome, Augustus was a hero. The transformation from republic to empire was complete. Enemies and Rebels - Cleopatra and Egypt.Mar 15, · The Ides of March: The assassination of Julius Caesar and how it changed the world Caesar's death paved the way for the Roman empire after .
Oct 27, · Gaius Julius Caesar, one of the world’s greatest military leaders, was born into a senatorial, patrician family and was the nephew of another famous Roman general, Marius. The biggest effect Julius Caesar had on Rome was his transform Rome from a republic to an empire.
He also updated the Roman calendar, was undefeated as a general, alleviated the taxes of the working class, significantly expanded Roman territory and invented the newspaper.
Gaius Julius Caesar (/ In Rome, Caesar was appointed dictator, with Mark Antony as his Master of the Horse (second in command); Caesar presided over his own election to a second consulship and then, after 11 days, resigned this dictatorship.
Gaius Julius Caesar, one of the world’s greatest military leaders, was born into a senatorial, patrician family and was the nephew of .
Julius Caesar changed Rome in a number of significant ways, from conquering more lands and defeating invading armies in order to expand the Roman empire to quelling uprisings and relieving debt.