This next week is traditionally the scariest in our calendar. I thought it might be fun to see if my cop writing has ever leaned towards the ghostlier end of the chiller spectrum.
One of mine is the word flow. Difficult, but not impossible.
Start descriptive essay bedroom there is much about the flow of prose that will inevitably remain instinctual, there are some aspects of it that can be discussed, understood, and even practiced. Wells the same thing, and Wells passed the word on to people seated at a nearby table.
All of this happened before the author even knew his work had been submitted to an editor, and it all resulted from a single paragraph.
What was it about this paragraph that impressed Ford so much that, without reading a single word further, he accepted the story and judged its unknown author a genius? Lest this turn into an essay on how to create suspense, let me say now that the then-unknown author of this paragraph is D.
The small locomotive engine, Number 4, came clanking, stumbling down from Selston with seven full wagons. It appeared round the corner with loud threats of speed, but the colt that it startled from among the gorse, which still flickered indistinctly in the raw afternoon, out-distanced it at a canter.
A woman, walking up the railway line to Underwood, drew back into the hedge, held her basket aside, and watched the footplate of the engine advancing. The trucks thumped heavily past, one by one, with slow inevitable movement, as she stood insignificantly trapped between the jolting black wagons and the hedge; then they curved away towards the coppice where the withered oak leaves dropped noiselessly, while the birds, pulling at the scarlet hips beside the track, made off into the dusk that had already crept into the spinney.
In the open, the smoke from the engine sank and cleaved to the rough grass. The fields were dreary and forsaken, and in the marshy strip that led to the whimsey, a reedy pit-pond, the fowls had already abandoned their run among the alders, to roost in the tarred fowl-house. Just beyond rose the tapering chimneys and the clumsy black headstocks of Brinsley Colliery.
The two wheels were spinning fast up against the sky, and the winding engine rapped out its little spasms. The miners were being turned up.
When I show this paragraph to my students, they invariably praise its flow. When I press them for an explanation of what makes the passage flow, however, I rarely get more than the verbal equivalent of shrugged shoulders.
The small locomotive engine came down from Selston. It was Number 4. It clanked and stumbled. It had seven full wagons.
It appeared round the corner. It made loud threats of speed. It startled a colt from among the gorse. The gorse still flickered indistinctly in the raw afternoon.
The colt out-distanced the train at a canter. So clearly neither content nor order determines flow. Nor does ease of reading determine flow, since the revision is significantly easier to read than the original—even a grade-schooler could follow it.
So what is the essential difference between the two versions? Nothing more, or less, than variety of sentence structure. There are, of course, four basic types of sentence structure—simple, compound, complex, and compound-complex.
But within these four general categories, there are many different types of structure, as the grammarian Virginia Tufte has demonstrated so superbly.
In her book Grammar as Style, Tufte defines—and illustrates—innumerable ways to structure sentences, using left- mid- and right-branching modifiers, balance, repetition, coordination, inversion, apposition, and a vast array of other techniques.
Significantly, Lawrence uses all four sentence types in his paragraph, not to mention many of the structural techniques Tufte describes. More importantly, seven of his ten sentences are either complex or compound-complex, the two types that permit most variation in structure.
For example, both the fourth and seventh sentences are complex, but one contains five dependent clauses and the other only one. And he does it as dramatically as possible. As Stephen Dobyns tells us, syntax is like a landscape: A variety of sentence structure—and therefore of sentence length—will give our prose a more flowing, and appealing, landscape.
In fact, the simple sentence is the base structure, the ground note of all prose. But it is also the structure with the least possibility for variation in syntax and length since there are no other clauses, dependent or independent, attached to its single independent clause.
The compound sentence structure is only slightly more complicated since it merely connects simple sentences with a conjunction. Because these two sentence types so dominate our writing, they prevent our prose from achieving that flowing cadence that marks the best fiction.
Why are the simple and compound sentence types so dominant in our prose today?university of michigan dissertations athletics term paper pdf group d thesis statement for identity essay ethics and critical thinking training it homework quotes. The following is a visitor-submitted question or story.
For more, you can submit your own sleep story here, or browse the collection of experiences and questions other visitors have shared here. Narrative Essay. The Narrative Essay *What is a Narrative Essay?• Narrative writing tells a story. In essays, the narrative writing could also be considered reflection or an exploration of the author's values told as a story.
The author may remember his or her past, or a memorable person or event from that past, or even observe the present.
Liked this book very much. What is so much fun about gold rush history is that many of the descriptive and/or fanciful names for places were based on real things rather than "fanciful" but oh-so-sickeningly-fake suburban development names. Dear Twitpic Community - thank you for all the wonderful photos you have taken over the years.
We have now placed Twitpic in an archived state. Category: Descriptive Essay Examples, narrative, Observation; Title: My Bedroom.
My Account. My Bedroom. My Bedroom Essay You may find yourself getting overwhelmed and asking yourself where should you even start. Well in my experience I have had the best results just by following three very simple steps, which include .